The ultimate guide to beat the heat and stay hydrated for you and your bubs
Australia is entering its longest and hottest summer, now here are some tips on how to beat the heat and survive for you and all your loved ones.
Australia heated up this week as a mass of hot air swept east across the continent, with meteorologists forecasting "severe to extreme heatwave conditions". Several individual heat records for towns and cities have already been shattered. On Tuesday, places across the nation's centre recorded temperatures above 45C.
What can you do to prevent yourself or your loved ones from succumbing to the hot and dry spell?
Just remember the 3 S’s:
- Stay Hydrated
- Signs of Dehydration and Heat Stroke
- Sun Protection
How To Stay Hydrated
The best way to beat dehydration is to drink before you get thirsty. If you wait until you are thirsty, you are already dehydrated.
An adequate intake of water is important to ensure that we do not become dehydrated in this hot weather. Water is sufficient as a source of fluid replacement if you are planning to be active in a low-to-moderate-intensity activity, such as walking for an hour or less.
If you are planning to exercise for a longer period of time or if you are going to be in the sun for more than a few hours, you may want to hydrate with sports beverages, which contain electrolytes such as sodium and potassium to replace those lost during perspiration.
Alcoholic and caffeinated drinks should not be the first choice beverage for the purpose of hydration as these can cause the body to lose even more fluid and worsen the dehydration.
Signs of Dehydration and Heat Stroke
In addition to ensuring proper hydration in this hot weather, it is also important to be able to recognise the signs of dehydration.
These signs include:
- Loss of appetite
- Flushed skin
- Heat intolerance
- Dark colored urine
Ignoring the signs above may lead to heat stroke which would require immediate medical attention.
Signs of heat stroke would include:
- The absence of sweating
Those who are more susceptible to heat stroke would include
- Those who work outdoors and physically exert themselves under the sun
It is also advisable for those who are planning to go out in the sun to use sun protection such as sunscreens. A good sunscreen would be one that is able to block both UVA (Ultraviolet A) and UVB (Ultraviolet B), with an SPF (sun protection factor) of at least 30. Also, the use of sun screens which are water resistant is advisable, even if your activity does not include swimming as this stays on the skin longer even when it is wet.
Seeing that the current hot weather is expected to stay with us for a while, it is important that we take the necessary precautions to ensure that we remain protected from the harsh elements. Stay hydrated, stay cool, stay healthy!