Child development and milestones: Your 5-years-1-month-old

Child development and milestones: Your 5-years-1-month-old

What's your child going to amaze you with this month?

Your 5 years 1 month old child has grown in leaps and bounds. His toddler days are over and as he gets school-ready, shows more independence and curiosity.  If you are wondering what to expect from your little one this month, we’re here to help 

Let’s look at common 5 year 1 month old milestones to be aware of so you know what to look forward to.

As always, please note these are guidelines as every child develops at their own pace. If you have any questions or concerns about your child’s development, visit your paediatrician.

5 Years 1 Month Old Child Development and Milestones: Is Your Child on Track?

5 Years 1 Month Old Child Development and Milestones

5 Years 1 Month Old Child Development and Milestones


Physical Development

Your 5 years 1 month old child is very agile and can express his excitement in many acrobatic ways. His hand-eye coordination has improved so much to the extent that he can now start doing basic tasks like feeding and going to the toilet all by himself! His gross motor skills are much more advanced compared to his toddler days, which is evident by how independent he is!

All children grow at their own pace, but most are able to accomplish many impressive physical skills. They can jump high, run confidently and even start doing more complex movements involved in structured sports, like karate or ballet.

At this point, your child is able to do the following:

  • Can do a forward somersault
  • Confident in swinging and climbing
  • Balance on one foot for at least 10 seconds
  • Can get dressed and undressed without parents’ assistance
  • Use a fork, spoon and sometimes a knife to eat food
  • Go to the toilet without extra help

As awesome as your five-year-old is, remember that he is still developing! Even if he can handle his own toilet needs, wetting the bed is still common and nothing to worry about.


Giving your little one enough space and time to explore and try new activities can further develop your child’s motor skills.

  • Take him to the playground or areas with equipment to play with, like monkey bars.
  • Sign your child up for group swimming lessons, or another sport or physical activity that he likes. Make sure he is always supervised by a qualified instructor.
  • Encourage your child when he tries to do things on his own, like getting dressed or going to the toilet.
  • Keep technology to a minimum in bedrooms. Remove phones or gadgets with bright lights to avoid distracting him from sleeping.
  • Get him involved with simple house chores. Different activities will develop his hand-eye coordination.

When to Talk to Your Doctor:

If you notice your child isn’t displaying some skills as expected, it’s advisable to take him to the doctor for further assessment. Some signs to look out for are:

  • Inability to hold a crayon or pencil
  • Trouble eating, sleeping, or going to the bathroom on his own
  • Difficulty undressing on his own

Cognitive Development

Cognitive Development

Cognitive Development

School is just around the corner! Your child has been learning so much and retaining a whole bunch of information!

Your child’s memory continues to grow at an impressive rate. He can recall a lot of information and has a much better idea of what everyday household objects are, as well as what they’re called. Some of the milestones you can observe from  your little one include:

  • Copies triangles and other geometric shapes
  • Can count up to 20 and above
  • Able to draw people with six or more body parts
  • Can name and tell you about household objects, like food and appliances
  • Names at least four colours or more
  • Writes some letters and numbers
  • Has a better idea on the concept of time


  • Encourage your little one to draw. It stimulates his creativity and develops his fine motor skills.
  • Start helping your child write letters to his friends. This can double as a very sweet gift, as well as improve cognitive development related to literacy and memory. 
  • Make creative DIY projects with glue, scissors, and other art supplies. It’s really fun for your child and helps him be more familiar with different shapes.
  • Try and limit your child’s TV time to one hour (or less) of educational programs. As entertaining as it is, there are many other ways to stimulate your child.

When to Talk to Your Doctor:

  • Your child is easily distracted
  • You child is unable to focus on a task for more than five minutes

Social and Emotional Development

Social and Emotional Development

Social and Emotional Development

Your child’s wild imagination means he can lose in himself more complex pretend play that’s filled with drama and fantasy. You might notice that he can play with others much better as he works towards a common goal, like building a castle or staying away from a certain area.

Your little one is also more agreeable and looks forward to playing with other children. You might notice he is more open to sharing his toys with his friends and compromises if someone doesn’t want to play a game. But just be aware he still might have the occasional meltdown when things don’t go his way!


  • Let your child choose activities with friends. Your little one gets the chance to be more sociable when discussing and even negotiating with his friends!
  • If any issues pop up between your child and his friends, let him figure out a way to resolve the situation. This helps your child learn how to compromise.
  • Talk with your child and give him your full attention. When you engage and ask about his preferences, as well as what he did that day, he will feel treasured and loved.
  • Your child loves to express himself! Encourage your child to dance, sing, and act – you can even join in!

When to Talk to Your Doctor:

  • If your child is extremely afraid, shy, or aggressive
  • Your little one is very anxious when away from you
  • You child refuses to play with other children

Speech and Language Development

Your 5 years 1 month old child is able to communicate his needs and wants verbally. He is also very good at understanding what you’re saying and has gained more knowledge of positional descriptions, such as “on top of” or “below”. Storytime becomes a lot more engaging as your tot can recall previous parts of the story. So when you read to them, it’s not just one-way traffic – expect him to excitedly tell you what happens next, or how he feels about certain characters!

So what are some of the cues for 5 years 1 month old child development and milestones to be aware of?

You child can:

  • Make words rhyme.
  • Say his full name.
  • Recall your address and phone number.
  • Speak clearly and is able to construct sentences with five or more words.

You’ll be surprised and impressed to know that your little one has a vocabulary of 20,000 words! It’s no wonder he expresses himself so well. But how he uses all of these words is key to developing his language and speech skills.

When he enters preschool, he will begin learning how to read for himself. Here are some suggestions for activities to engage with your child to help him work on his own reading competency.

Parenting Tips:

  • Keep reading to your child. Nurture the love for books and take him to the library. His vocabulary will continue to expand with more exposure to different and new books! 
  • Highlight and draw attention to frequently used words while reading with your child. Repetition helps your child remember new words when you point them out.
  • Chat with your little one about his surroundings and encourage him to describe what he sees.

When to Talk to Your Doctor:

  • Your child really struggles to use the past tense correctly
  • Doesn’t use plurals
  • Stammers

Health and Nutrition

Your 5 years 1 month old child will have gained up to 2.25kg and grown around 5.5 centimetres taller since his fourth birthday! Most children will be 17kg-20.3kg in weight and 106cm-112.2cm in height. His adult teeth might start to break through his gums and his vision is now 20/20.

As your little one will be incredibly active, it’s important for your child to have a balanced diet so he can continue growing at a healthy rate. He normally eats around 1300 calories, but it can be more depending on how active he is.

For portion sizes, here are some suggested guidelines to follow:

Food type Recommended portion size
Grains (6 small servings daily) 1 slice of bread

1/2 cup of cooked rice/pasta (80g)

Fats (3-4 servings daily) 1 teaspoon of butter/oil
Fruits and vegetables (5 servings daily) 1/2 – 1 small fruit

1/2 cup cooked or raw chopped vegetables (80g)


Meat (2 servings daily) 1-3 tablespoons of lean meat, or chicken, or fish

1 egg

5 tablespoons of peas and beans

Milk (3 servings daily) 3/4 cup of milk or yoghurt (177ml)

3/4 ounce of cheese (22g)

Vaccinations and Common Illnesses

By this age, most of your child’s vaccinations have already been covered. There are a few common ones that are given every year, like the flu shot. Check with your doctor for more information about this vaccination.

In terms of illness, expect common colds and the flu as your child is exposed to bugs at preschool and builds his immunity.

When to Talk to Your Doctor:

  • If your child is gaining too much weight or is underweight, speak with your doctor for diet recommendations

References: WebMD, Healthy Children, Mayo Clinic